UofTMed Alum: Better Design, Healthier Patients?
I thoroughly enjoyed reading the Change Issue of UofTMed, and wanted to add my thoughts on what needs to change in medicine today. I believe we need to put more focus on the importance of architectural design in health care — and on researching the elements and impact of our built environment.
For example, why are bold colours and cheerful artwork emphasized in pediatric designs, yet not to the same degree in geriatric spaces? And given that there is no therapeutic value to strict bed rest, which can in fact be detrimental and lead to deconditioning, should the patient bed continue to be the focal point around which we design the room?
It was architecture that first got me interested in becoming a physician. While studying health-care design for my Master of Architecture, I began to wish I could be on the other side, working directly with patients. I studied the required courses, and went on to do my MD here at U of T. And I’ve worked in both since then: doing a health-care design fellowship in Houston and contributing to the field of evidence-based design, completing my residency in internal medicine at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center, and now embarking on a fellowship in geriatric medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Despite the shift in medical architecture to a research-based practice, health-care design has remained similar for a number of decades. I think it’s time to disrupt our current design thinking and reinvent some best-practice design trends.
Here are just several examples of the pressing questions facing the field:
- While some countries design village-like settings for dementia populations to encourage wandering, others utilize dark flooring materials that some patients with cognitive disorders may interpret as a void, thus deterring exit attempts. Which is best — not only from the perspective of clinical outcomes, but also from an economic standpoint?
- Hospital corridors are already dynamic spaces of patient physical therapy, multidisciplinary team updates, family discussions and infection-control practices. Can a hospital corridor become more than a long narrow space with equipment spilling over and laundry bins scattered throughout?
- The notion of separating patient and staff circulation has become best practice in health-care design over recent years. With health care moving in the direction of the patient becoming the advocate of their own care and clinicians providing the expertise to aid patients in their decision-making, should the physical design separate what the clinical model is trying to unify?
- While design guidelines for health-care spaces have now set standards for patients to gain exposure to natural light, spaces reserved for clinicians have no such minimum requirements, despite these caregivers spending countless hours within health-care spaces. Should this change?
I think this is a facet of medicine ripe for change — whether that happens by training clinicians in design thinking, to emphasize a connection between how they practice medicine and the built environment, or even by merging academic programs in health-care architecture and health.
Physician-architect — or “dochitect” as I’ve dubbed myself — may be an unusual combination. But it’s also one that can inform crucial changes to health care.
Diana Anderson, MD ’08, is an architect, a Faculty of Medicine graduate, internal medicine specialist and self-titled Dochitect®.
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